What Is Gut Health And Why It Is Important

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Your gut health, or gastrointestinal health, is essential to the well-being of your entire body. 

There is so much information and misinformation online about gut health, including “special remedies” or “the perfect diet” that are supposed to help everyone.

With all of this information it can be confusing, in this article we are going to focus on why gut health is important and some of the key strategies to optimize your gut health.

What Is Gut Health?

You have trillions of microorganisms living in your digestive tract—collectively known as the microbiome.

This microbiome includes bacteria, fungi, and viruses, each playing a pivotal role in breaking down the food you eat into nutrients your body requires to function optimally.

While it’s true that some microbes can be harmful, the vast majority are beneficial and crucial for your health.

These microorganisms help digest your food, protect against pathogens, and even produce vitamins and neurotransmitters like serotonin. 

What Is Gut Health

Imagine your gut as a garden, where good bacteria are the plants that need nurturing—without proper care, the harmful weeds can take over, disrupting this delicate ecosystem.

This disruption is known as dysbiosis—an imbalance where harmful microorganisms outnumber the beneficial ones. 

Factors like a poor diet, excessive use of antibiotics, and chronic stress can lead to dysbiosis.

This imbalance can trigger various health issues, including digestive disorders, chronic inflammation, weakened immune response, and even mental health challenges.

Many people notice that their gut health is not optimal after eating poorly for a period of time, or after a course of antibiotics - but have you ever noticed how stressful events, or extended periods of stress have affected your digestion?

Why Gut Health Is Important?

Your digestive tract is important to absorb nutrients from food and eliminate toxins through the stool. 

An effective and balanced gut breaks down food into essential nutrients that fuel everything from your muscle function to hormone production.

Remarkably, about 80% of your immune system is located in your gut along with a majority of your serotonin, a key neurotransmitter that affects mood and sleep.

Thus, a healthy gut means more than just good digestion—it's fundamental to your overall health and mental well-being.

Why Gut Health Is Important

Are you experiencing symptoms like constipation, loose stools, bloating, fatigue, or mood swings? These could be signs that your gut microbiome is out of balance. 

By taking steps such as adjusting your diet, managing stress, you can help restore your gut health and enhance your life quality. 

What changes can you start making today to support your gut ecosystem?

Neglecting Gut Health

Understanding the crucial role your gut plays in overall health, what happens when it's neglected?

Your gut isn't just about digestion; it's integral to removing metabolic waste and toxins.

A compromised gut—marked by dysbiosis, where harmful microbes overwhelm the beneficial ones—struggles to perform these vital functions. This can lead to a host of issues:

  • Chronic Fatigue and Illnesses: A struggling gut can reduce the efficiency with which your body eliminates toxins, contributing to persistent tiredness and susceptibility to infections.
  • Inflammatory Conditions: Imbalances in gut bacteria often lead to inflammation throughout the body, manifesting as joint pain, skin issues, and autoimmune conditions.
  • Digestive Discomfort: Common symptoms like diarrhea, constipation, and gas are direct indicators of gut distress.
  • Cognitive Impacts: Often overlooked, gut health can profoundly affect the brain. Referred to as the 'second brain,' the gut communicates with your brain via the gut-brain axis. Poor gut health can lead to brain fog, anxiety, depression and reduced cognitive function.

Signs of an Unhealthy Gut

Recognizing the signs of a healthy gut is just the start. Equally critical is being aware of the symptoms signaling an unhealthy gut, which are often mistakenly attributed to other conditions or overlooked entirely.

Signs Of An Unhealthy Gut

Here are key indicators to watch for:

  • Digestive Issues: Frequent digestive discomfort is a primary sign of gut health problems.
  • Unintended Weight Changes: Unexpected weight gain or loss can be tied to gut imbalances affecting nutrient absorption and metabolism.
  • Fatigue and Sleep Disturbances: An unhealthy gut can interfere with sleep quality, leading to sleep disruptions and chronic fatigue.
  • Skin Irritation: Conditions like eczema can be exacerbated by gut inflammation.
  • Food Intolerances: These are often due to poor quality of gut flora, making it difficult to digest certain foods, leading to bloating, gas, and other digestive issues.
  • Persistent Bad Breath: Can indicate a disrupted balance of bacteria in the gut.
  • Autoimmune Conditions: An imbalanced gut can trigger immune responses that may lead to autoimmune diseases. There is a direct connection between the leaky gut marker Zonulin and autoimmune conditions.
  • Brain Fog and Mood Disorders: The gut's health significantly influences mental health through the gut-brain axis.

Identifying these symptoms early can guide you to take proactive steps toward restoring gut balance and improving your health.

How To Improve Gut Health

How To Improve Gut Health

There are several everyday adjustments you can make to naturally enhance your gut health and promote a diverse microbiome:

  • Dietary Changes: Incorporate a variety of fiber-rich foods, probiotics, and prebiotics to support a healthy microbiome. Reduce intake of processed foods and sugars that can disrupt gut balance.(link you ways to improve your gut health)
  • Using the gardening analogy again if the beneficial bacteria are the beautiful flowers that you want to grow, then prebiotic supplements like inulin, PHGG and arabinogalactans are the fertilizers that help them grow. This is often a better option than probiotics to reset your gut health.
  • Stress Management: Engage in regular stress-reducing activities such as yoga, meditation, Nerva app, or even simple daily walks, which can positively affect your gut health.
  • Adequate Sleep: Ensure you get enough sleep, generally 7-9 hours per night, to help maintain the health of your gut.
  • Advanced stool testing like the Gut Zoomer test or the GI Map test can help to identify more accurately the underlying cause of your gut issues - this can help to understand if you need to focus on reducing pathogens or supporting beneficial bacteria.

Genetics And Poor Gut Health

In some cases, individual predispositions or existing medical conditions may hinder efforts to achieve a healthy microbiome.

Conditions such as Crohn’s disease, Celiac disease, and Ulcerative Colitis significantly impact your body’s ability to digest foods and absorb nutrients, and they can increase intestinal permeability—a condition often referred to as "leaky gut."

For more detailed information, refer to our IBS article and the leaky gut article.

Genetics Poor Gut Health

Introducing the SelfDecode genetic test

If you’re concerned about your gut health due to family history or personal symptoms and want to delve deeper, the SelfDecode lab test analyzer can be an invaluable tool.

It provides detailed reports covering various health aspects, including:

  • Gut Health: Insights into your microbiome's health and tips for improvement.
  • Brain Function and Mental Health: Evaluates potential impacts of gut health on cognitive and emotional well-being.
  • Immune System: Analysis of how gut health influences immune response.
  • IBS Risk Assessment: Determines potential risk factors for developing Irritable Bowel Syndrome and other digestive conditions.
  • Do you have the genetics for celiac disease, lactose intolerance or IBS


Understanding and maintaining gut health is crucial to overall well-being, impacting everything from digestion and immune function to mental health. 

The role that our diet and lifestyle has on our gut health should not be underestimated and this can affect our overall health.

Dysbiosis, or the imbalance of these gut microbes, can lead to a multitude of health issues, emphasizing the importance of awareness and proactive management.

Adopting the right strategies, such as dietary changes, stress management, adequate sleep, can help lead you to a healthier gut environment. 

For personalized guidance and to explore advanced options like stool testing, consider consulting with Planet Naturopath.

Advanced stool tests can offer invaluable insights into your microbiome, helping you and your healthcare provider make informed decisions about interventions that can optimize your gut health and prevent future complications. 

FAQs Related To What Is Gut Health

What is the role of the gut in nutrition and health?

The gut plays a crucial role in nutrition and overall health by breaking down nondigestible dietary components in the large intestine.

This process helps in fermenting these components to produce nutrients and energy for the body. 

A balanced gut microbiome is essential for maintaining optimal metabolism and immune system function, illustrating its significant impact on both nutrient absorption and protection against pathogens.

Is 70% of your immune system in your gut?

Yes, approximately 70–80% of the immune system is located in the gut. The gut houses a complex network involving the intestinal microbiota, the intestinal epithelial layer, and the mucosal immune system.

This network plays a critical role in immune defense by regulating immune responses and maintaining a barrier against pathogens, highlighting the importance of gut health in overall immune function.

Do you lose weight when you heal your gut?

Healing your gut can contribute to weight loss, especially when you adopt a diet rich in fiber, prebiotics, and probiotics.

These elements support a healthy microbiome, which can improve metabolism and enhance digestion. 

A well-balanced gut reduces inflammation and may correct metabolic dysfunctions, leading to natural weight management without the need to strictly count calories or limit food intake.

This makes gut health a key factor in achieving and maintaining a healthy weight.

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